Sustainable and actionable: An ESG study of climate and social challenge for Asia
A report on fixed income investor influence on climate change in Asia
Wednesday 20 November 2019
Investment Talks, Perspectives
After enjoying stellar performance this year, investors will increasingly question whether the global economy will proceed towards a trade war-engineered recession moving into 2020, thereby ending the longest ever bull market. Or, if growth stabilizes at a low level, and potentially rebounds, the cycle could extend even further.
Source: Bloomberg, analysis by Amundi on 21 asset classes. Data as of 18 November 2019. Index providers: Cash, Government bonds and EM Bond indexes are from JPMorgan. Corporate bond indexes are from BofA Merrill Lynch. Equity indexes and EM currency index are from MSCI. Commodities indexes are from Bloomberg Barclays. All indices used to represent asset classes are in local currency. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.
In Amundi’s view, the retreat in global trade is a major change to the structure of growth but will not lead to a full-blown recession, especially at a time when cumulative loose policies will gear up and a partial deal between US and China is in sight.
Monetary and fiscal combination, a theme that will become prominent next year and beyond, may extend the cycle further, and may as well strengthen the resilient domestic demand. While the noise on trade-related issues will be high, a material escalation, which could damage the US economy, is unlikely, given the upcoming US elections in 2020.
In 2020, the path for investors might not be linear. In the short term, market expectations for policy actions have gone too far and need to adjust. The adjustment process will drive volatility in bonds, with a bottoming out of core bond yields already started, and rerating in some expensive defensive sectors in equity. On the US dollar, the US yield advantage should prevent a major dollar sell-off in 2020. In terms of currencies management, we believe that a slight depreciation of the dollar is the most likely outcome, but this would be enough to restore some confidence in selective EM currencies, for which pessimism is overdone.
Source: Analysis by Amundi Research, Bloomberg. Data as of 31 October 2019. The Global Economic Momentum index is a proprietary indicator based on four regional baskets (US, Eurozone, Japan and EM) and on the following variables: earnings revisions, 10Y interest rates, leading indicators, CPI YoY, PMI surveys, the Economic Surprise Index and the Inflation Surprise Index. We consider the level and the momentum (variation) of the index in order to define four economic cycles: Booming: uptrend level and positive momentum; Deteriorating: uptrend level and negative momentum; Weakness: downtrend level and negative momentum; Improving: downtrend level and positive momentum.
Beyond the short term, the trend is towards a more aggressive policy mix that could potentially include unorthodox measures if the risk of recession intensifies. The result will be an extension of the credit cycle that could eventually end in an explosion, although it is unlikely to happen in 2020. Investors will be forced to pile up in crowded or illiquid areas where the risk is masked by excessive policy accommodation. To safeguard investors’ interests in a world flooded by debt, sustainability (of corporate balance sheets or of fiscal paths in emerging markets – EM) must be a key driver of selection now, as fundamentals have already started to deteriorate.
In terms of investment strategy for 2020, instead of fearing a global recession, investors should focus on adjusting the portfolio exposure to the de-globalization trend. They should also prepare for a mature and extended credit cycle, with higher liquidity risks due to more stringent regulations post-2008 crisis. We envisage three main themes for investors.
First, income and opportunities from rotation towards neglected areas will be the equity 2020 story. While expectations adjust to the probability that one of the alternative scenarios (upside or downside) becomes mainstream, the lack of strong directional trends in the markets, and weak earnings growth should drive investors to search for areas of resilience in the equity income/dividend space. Once the outlook stabilizes, and yields bottom out (PMI – purchase managers index - rebound expected in H1, some fiscal expansion gears up later on), there could be some potential for rotation in areas of attractive valuations. Cyclical stocks (quality in Europe and value in US) and small caps would present opportunities to exploit throughout the year.
Second, search for yield optimisation, with increased scrutiny and flexible strategies, will drive fixed income markets. The hunt for yield will remain a key theme, in the era of ultralow interest rates (not necessary negative) and Central Banks restoring some sort of quantitative easing - QE- or even going beyond it. However, crowded areas and liquidity risk persist and require a deep dive into credit opportunities (both in developed and emerging space). High yield (HY) will remain attractive, amid a benign default outlook. However, having an adequate time horizon in mind would be important, even more now that a possible mismatch between scarce market liquidity and fund daily liquidity is striking. From a company perspective, increased scrutiny at sector and security level will also be key to avoid unsustainable business models, just kept alive by investors’ appetite for yield. In an environment of monetary and fiscal accommodation, EM bonds are attractive, with a preference for the hard currency, and with opportunities opening up in local currencies through the year.
Source: Analysis by Amundi Research, Bloomberg. BofA-ML indices (Investment grade). Data as of 31 October 2019.
On the core fixed income component, a flexible and diversified approach is appropriate as volatility may return due to varied news flows, before investor expectations adjust to different scenarios. US high-quality bonds deserve a mention here for their liquidity and yield premium.
Third, new themes will emerge in emerging markets from a more fragmented world and a retreat in global trade. Investors will have to go beyond the traditional “global” EM concept and dig deeper to capture attractive opportunities and themes. Among the latter, we favour the “help yourself” countries that have strong domestic demand and are less exposed to external vulnerabilities. Alternatively, themes such as the Silk Road that capture the potential new role of China in the geopolitical landscape will deserve increased investor attention in our view.
To conclude, investors should start building volatility-proof portfolios. Volatility has been constrained by the proliferation of some investment strategies (i.e. selling volatility to get the premium), but as market expectations adjust, volatility spikes are likely. We have entered a phase in which it is not the average level of volatility that matters, but the fact that markets will shift from quiet phases to periods of high volatility. To volatility-proof their portfolios, investors should consider liquid alternative strategies that offer low correlation vs traditional asset classes, and volatility strategies.
Source: Amundi, as of 11 November 2019. For illustrative purposes only.
Unless otherwise stated, all information contained in this document is from Amundi Pioneer Asset Management (“Amundi Pioneer”) and is as of November 14, 2019.
The views expressed regarding market and economic trends are those of the authors and not necessarily Amundi Pioneer, and are subject to change at any time. These views should not be relied upon as investment advice, as securities recommendations, or as an indication of trading on behalf of any Amundi Pioneer product. There is no guarantee that market forecasts discussed will be realized or that these trends will continue. These views are subject to change at any time based on market and other conditions and there can be no assurances that countries, markets or sectors will perform as expected. Investments involve certain risks, including political and currency risks. Investment return and principal value may go down as well as up and could result in the loss of all capital invested.
This material does not constitute an offer to buy or a solicitation to sell any units of any investment fund or any service.
Date of First Use: November 20, 2019.
A report on fixed income investor influence on climate change in Asia
With Biden leading in the polls, we look at potential investment implications of a Biden presidency.
Companies integrating an ESG approach recognized by investors and ESG funds have been more resilient in the recent crisis period.